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讲述蓉城老百姓自己的故事(169)

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发表于 2012-2-23 12:31:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
——蓉城老军人邵瑞荣回忆道孚抗震救灾背后的故事(10)
  
  四川省党政军慰问团在道孚地震灾区,慰问受灾军民和组织军民抗震救灾抢险,已经渡过了难忘的十个昼夜,四川省政府和四川省军区派出的协助灾区军民进行恢复重建工作组,已经顺利到达道孚地震灾区……此时我们指挥组的几位同志,在一起回顾和总结了这次抗震救灾的实践,我们深深体会到防御突发自然灾害和防御战争袭击一样,平时必须充分做好思想上、物质上的准备,今后还应注意抓好以下几个问题:
  
  1、要有应急的物资储备,四川省幅员广大特别是边沿山区交通不便,例如地震、泥石流、山洪爆发、森林火灾等自然灾害会经常出现,因此驻这些地区的部队,平时就应有救灾的物资储备。这次道孚地震发生后,甘孜军分区及时将库存的帐篷、食品等物资,即日送到部队解决了急需,可见有储备和没有储备就大不一样,建议部队在组织战备物资储备的时候,也应该考虑到这一实际情况,在这些地区选择适当位置定点储备,各部队还应根据自己的实际,积极做好救灾物资的储备以应急需!
  
  2、作好部队的战备教育和行政管理,要把防止突发自然灾害的工作作为一项内容,抢险救灾是一项紧急行动,平时应该有充分的思想准备,并应制定必要的救灾抢险预案。驻边沿山区的部队要在战备教育中,结合山区实际加强防灾教育,同时要学习一些遇到灾害袭击时的自救互救常识,新兵增加补充入连队后,要向他们介绍所驻地区的自然地理情况,以及可能发生的自然灾害使他们有思想准备,这次道孚地震中新兵伤亡的比例大,震后有不少的新兵显得惊慌,还有的甚至都吓哭了,足以说明进行这方面教育是十分必要的!
  
  3、部队营房建筑一定要抗震,道孚县位于鲜水河的地震带,而四川省军区独立四团的营房大多建成于五十年代,建筑材料低劣结构不抗震,坐落于河畔基础不好,加上年久失修又经过一九七三年炉霍地震波及损坏,这次地震部队损失比较大,而且是道孚县城的重灾户教训深刻!四川省的西北部是地震活动比较频繁的地区,位于该地区的部队今后营建一定要考虑到这一情况,施工位置要选好、结构要抗震、质量要严格把关等等,对现有不抗震的营房,应根据实际情况进行加固和维修!在今后各类营房的建设中,特别是要建好宿舍、仓库以及安放通信设施的房屋,贯彻执行预防为主的方针,尽量避免地震等自然灾害造成的危害!
  
  4、部队各级指挥机关,一定要从各方面随时做好应急准备,从这次道孚地震抗震救灾来看,四川省军区和甘孜军分区立即组织人力、物力支援灾区,救灾行动是非常迅速的,但是也暴露出一些问题特别是车况差,例如随四川省慰问团出发的无线电通信车,一出蓉城就“抛锚”,只好是走一路修一路,这说明我们应付突发事变的准备工作,仍然是非常不充分的,今后应该认真的研究和解决……(邵瑞荣口述 尹戈撰文)
  
About Chengdu ordinary people their own stories (169)
  
- Chengdu old soldiers Shao Ruirong memories Daofu earthquake relief behind the story (10)
  
Sichuan government, and military goodwill mission to Daofu earthquake-stricken areas, condolences to the affected soldiers and civilians and organization of military and civilian earthquake relief and rescue, has spent 10 unforgettable days and nights to assist in the disaster area military and civilian reconstruction work group sent by the Sichuan Provincial Government and the Sichuan Provincial Military Region Daofu earthquake-stricken areas have been successfully reached. command groups of several comrades together to review and sum up the practice of this earthquake relief, we deeply appreciate the defense of sudden natural disasters and defensive war attacks, usually must be fully prepared ideologically, material preparation, should also pay attention to the following questions:
  
1,Have emergency material reserves, Sichuan Province, vast in particular the edge of the mountain transport facilities, such as earthquakes, landslides, flash floods, forest fires and other natural disasters will be frequent, so troops stationed in these areas, usually due to relief reserve. The Daofu earthquake, the military sub-district of Ganzi timely inventory of tents, food and other supplies, the same day sent troops to solve the urgent need to see a reserves and reserves is not the same, the proposal forces in the Organization of war material reserves should also take into account the actual situation in these regions, select the appropriate location for the fixed-point reserve, all forces should be based on their actual, actively carry out relief materials reserve in case of emergency!
  
2,We are preparing the troops’ combat readiness education and administration, it is necessary to prevent the sudden-onset natural disasters as an element in disaster relief is an urgent action, usually there should be fully prepared, and should develop the necessary relief and rescue plans . In the edge of the mountain troops in the combat readiness education, combined with mountain actual strengthen disaster prevention and education, to learn to encounter disaster struck when the self-help and mutual aid knowledge, new recruits to increase added into the company, would like them to introduce the region’s natural in geographical situation and natural disasters that may occur so that they were prepared, a large proportion of of recruits casualties in this Daofu earthquake, many recruits seem to panic after the earthquake, some even in tears, enough to explain in this aspects of education is very necessary!
  
3, the construction of military barracks must seismic, Tawu in Xianshuihe seismic zone four groups of Sichuan Military District Independent barracks are mostly built in the 1950s, building materials poor structure earthquake, located in the riverside basis is not good. coupled with state of disrepair after the 1973 Luhuo earthquake spread to damage the earthquake forces losses are relatively large, and is a profound lesson Daofu county Chongzai Hu! Northwestern Sichuan Province is the area of intense seismic activity in the future construction of forces in the region must take into account this situation, the construction location to choose the right structure to seismic quality strictly on the existing seismic to reinforce and repair the barracks, according to the actual situation! In the various barracks building in the future, in particular, is to build the dormitory, warehouse and placed in the housing of the communication facilities, carry out the implementation of prevention-oriented approach, to avoid the hazards of earthquakes and other natural disasters.
  
4, the forces at all levels of command authority, must in all aspects at any time of emergency preparedness, from this view Daofu earthquake relief, the Sichuan Provincial Military Region and Ganzi military sub-district immediately organize human and material resources to support disaster relief operations is very rapidly , but also exposed some issues, in particular condition is poor, such as radio communications vehicles starting with the goodwill mission in Sichuan Province, a Chengdu "anchor" and had to go all the way to repair all the way, this shows that we cope with the sudden Incident preparations is still very inadequate, should conscientiously study and solve ...... (the Shao Ruirong the oral Yin Gezhuan text)
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